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Dry Scalp Vs. Dandruff: What Is The Difference?

OVERVIEW: If you have a dry, flaking scalp, you may suspect dandruff. But it could be a sign of dry scalp. Dandruff and dry scalp have the same main symptoms, which are falling flakes and an itchy scalp, but they are two different conditions. 

 

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Dry Scalp: 

  1. Smaller, Dry Flakes
  2. Itchy Scalp
  3. Dry skin on other parts of the body

You get dry scalp when your skin has too little moisture. The skin on your scalp becomes irritated and flakes off. If your scalp is dry, the skin on other parts of your body, like your arms and legs, could be dry, too. 

Dry scalp can also be triggered by factors like these:

  1. old, dry air
  2. Contact dermatitus caused by a reaction to products you apply to your scalp, like Shampoo, Styling Gel, and Hairspray 
  3. Older age

    I would suggest using Tea Tree Special Shampoo+Conditioner. This will help put some moisture back into your hair.
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Dandruff

  1. Oily, Large flakes that are yellow or white
  2. Itchy Scalp
  3. Oily, Red, Scaly skin
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The main cause of dandruff is seborrheic dermatitis, a condition that turns the skin oily, red, and scaly. The white or yellow scales flake off, creating dandruff. You can get seborrheic dermatitis anywhere you have oil glands, including your eyebrows, groin, armpits, and along the sides of your nose. In babies it’s called cradle cap.

Often, a fungus called malassezia triggers dandruff. This fungus normally lives on your scalp. Yet some people have too much of it, and it causes skin cells to multiply more quickly than usual. 

Certain factors can cause malassezia to multiply, including:

  1. Age
  2. Hormones
  3. Stress
     

Try Kenra Dandruff Shampoo, which can also be used for dry scalp if it is a mild case. 

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Cap Highlights Vs. Foil Highlights

Highlights are strands of lighter colours in your hair and/or lowlights are strands of darker colours in your hair. These can be done in several different ways but the two main methods are done using foils to separate the hair being coloured from the rest of the hair or using a plastic cap or bag to separate the hair. Both methods have their pro's and con's but what is the difference?

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Cap Highlights. 

 A cap highlight allows the colorist to watch the color as it lifts in your hair. Caps also allow you to apply color through the entire length of your hair, using the same strength developer, at one application.

Pros:

  • Can be cheaper
  • Quick

Cons: 

  • Only suitable for short hair as the process can put unnecessary stress on mid to longer hair.
  • Can be painful as a hook is used to pull strands of hair through the cap.
  • Only one color can be used. 
  • Not suitable for curly hair as it tangles while pulling through cap. 
  • Can't get all the way to scalp when hair is very thick.
  • Hard to get Highlights near the nape of your head as well as close to your scalp. 
  • Hard to control Highlight placement to get them where you want.
  • Looks like zebra stripes if not done right. 
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Foil Highlights.

 A foil highlight allows you to target just the roots or ends of your hair. It also allows creative coloring without the colors overlapping each other.

Pros: 

  • Doesnt Hurt.
  • Can use more than one color. 
  • Can get closer to your scalp and hairline.
  • You get color exactly where you want it. 
  • Can create different sizes of light mor easily (either chunky or more natural weaves) 
  • Does not stress hair with pulling through tiny holes like the cap. 
  • Technique can be used with all kinds of hair. 

Cons:

  • Takes longer.
  • Can be more expensive.
  • If your stylist doesn't know what they are doing, it can be a shock if not done right.